10 Diving Techniques for Beginners You Need to Know

10 Diving Techniques for Beginners You Need to Know
Scuba photo example: Image by FIRST online from Pixabay.com

Diving Techniques for Beginners – Interested in trying extreme sports as well as fun? Scuba diving or diving sports might be suitable for you to try. Moreover, Indonesia is an archipelagic country that has many diving locations with amazing underwater views.

But you can’t just jump into the water, there are some basic diving techniques for beginners that you need to pay attention to.



An overview of scuba diving

Many ordinary people want to try diving or scuba diving as a means of recreation or exercise for physical fitness. According to a 2017 study, scuba diving has benefits for reducing stress and improving mood, you know.

SCUBA stands for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. In other words you have to use special equipment to breathe underwater.

As for some of the basic equipment in the sport of scuba diving, among others, as follows.
Wetsuit: a tight-fitting diving suit to protect the body from the cooling effects of water.
Mask: a mask that protects the eyes and nose, while aiding vision in water.
Fins: diving aids also known as frog legs to help move the body in water.
BCD (buoyancy compensator): a diving aid with a vest-like shape for placing all diving equipment, including air tubes and regulators.
Weight belt: weight belt to help descend to a certain depth.

Tank: stores air to breathe during a dive.

Regulator: a hose to change the high air pressure from the tank and drain it for breathing through the mouth.
Dive computer: an additional dive tool to monitor the duration, depth and temperature of the water to avoid health problems while diving.

Basic scuba Diving Techniques for Beginners

In contrast to swimming techniques, the basic techniques in scuba diving which are also classified as extreme sports require certain competency requirements that you must master first.


Generally, to master water skills, you can learn through courses and tests, one of which is from the Professional Association of Diving Instructors.


Before you are sure to take the course, you can also get to know some basic diving terms and techniques below.

10 Diving Techniques for Beginners You Need to Know
10 Diving Techniques for Beginners You Need to Know

1. Entry procedure

As the name implies, the entry procedure is a technique that you do to enter the water while using scuba diving equipment. Quoted from the Scuba Diving page, the giant-stride entry technique is one of the fastest steps to enter the water.


Once you’ve properly installed your dive gear, all you have to do is take a big step off the edge of the boat. Always make sure to hold the mask and regulator in place, so that your body is stable enough in the water.


The entry diving technique for beginners is generally done by installing scuba gear while in the water. You just need to use a wetsuit and frog legs, then put on other diving equipment when you have jumped into the water.

2. Breathing Diving Techniques for Beginners

One of the benefits of scuba diving is to train and strengthen the respiratory system. Because during diving, you will be doing deep and slow breathing techniques through your mouth to avoid the risk of lung injury.


You need to understand how to breathe through your mouth with the help of an air tank and a regulator hose. Calm your mind and don’t panic that makes you breathe in a hurry.

3. Diving Techniques for Beginners , Equalization

Equalization or equalization is a basic diving technique that must be mastered by beginners. This technique aims to make your ears adapt to high water pressure conditions.


This technique is usually done by pinching the nose with the thumb and forefinger, then exhale slowly while the nose is closed. In addition, you can also do equalization by swallowing saliva to move your jaw.


Do not wait until the ear hurts to do this technique. The water pressure will increase with each depth, so you will have to equalize often.

4. Swimming technique for Beginner

Swimming while scuba diving relies heavily on foot movement. To generate thrust forward, you need diving equipment in the form of fins or flippers. There are two popular styles of footwork in diving, namely the flutter kick and the frog kick.


The flutter kick is similar to the freestyle footwork technique that you can use in open water. The movement is also fast enough to swim against strong currents.


Meanwhile, the frog kick moves similar to the breaststroke swimming technique. This swimming technique is ideal for diving in narrow gaps or when swimming near the bottom of mud or sand.

5. Hand signals

Whether you are a beginner or a professional, it is recommended to always be accompanied by a partner or buddy during diving. Knowing and studying various hand signals beforehand will make it easier for you to communicate with colleagues when diving in water.


Hand signals or hand signals include various forms of information, instructions, or warnings. This movement needs to be mastered to communicate about body conditions and disorders, increase or decrease depth, and warn of marine life that may interfere with diving.

6. Mask clearing

When diving, sometimes the mask will condense or get water in. This condition will certainly hinder your vision during diving. By doing the mask clearing technique, you don’t need to clean it on the water surface.

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To do this, lift your head up and exhale through your nose, holding the top of the mask against your forehead. The air pressure from your exhale will make the edges of the mask lift slightly and let the water out.

7. Regulator recovery

While it is rare for divers to remove the regulator from their mouth, it is still possible to do so. You don’t need to panic and simply return the regulator to its original position, known as regulator recovery.


The released regulator will be on your side. Tilt your head slightly and reach the end of the regulator or mouthpiece, then put it back in your mouth. Then, you need to exhale to push the water out of the regulator.

8. Diving Techniques for Beginners , Regulator purge

While doing some dives, you may feel the regulator hose entering the water and interfere with breathing. You don’t have to worry about the regulator getting water in.


Basically this diving tool is able to push the water out automatically when you exhale. If you are unable to exhale, simply press the purge button on the regulator to use the air from the tank to push the water out.

9. Depth descent and ascent, Diving Techniques

The descent or descent is an important part of the dive. For beginners who are just learning to dive, it is important to master the technique of descending slowly so as not to land on coral reefs or the ocean floor. It is important to do a gradual decrease in depth while equalizing.


In addition, you also need to climb or ascend slowly and pay attention to the position so that it is not too far from the location of the boat. If there are disturbances and need an emergency climb, for example running out of air, you can release the load on the BCD or weight belt.


In addition to diving techniques as knowledge for beginners above, there are several other things you need to learn, for example, how to install and remove diving equipment. You can learn these techniques by taking a diving course with a certified dive instructor.


Because it is an extreme and risky sport, you also need to consult a doctor. This is to find out the negative impact on the health of scuba diving activities on certain disorders that you may experience.